Graphic from http://www.heavens-above.com
Night sky at 01h on the 20th. March.
Full Moon; 12th. March. New moon; 28th. March.
The Vernal or Spring equinox occurs on the 20th. March
Clocks go forward one hour on the 26th.March.
Spring is approaching and the sky is beginning to show changes as well. The winter constellations are disappearing in the west and spring constellations of Leo and Virgo are beginning to dominate the sky bringing their own treasures. (All times are in GMT.)
Mercury begins to make an appearance this month but as it is close to the Sun it is difficult to see. It fades from magnitude -1.7 at the start of the month to -0.4 by the end of the month. The end of the month is also the best time to see this elusive world as it sets around 20:30 a good couple of hours after the Sun. Make sure the Sun has set before event trying to find it.
Venus’ domination of the early night sky is coming to an end. It fades from magnitude -4.4 to -4.1 over the month but still remains a stunning sight. Venus sets just after 9pm at the start of the month and around 19:15 towards the end disappearing into the twilight.
Mars dims slightly this month from magnitude 1.4 to 1.6 as it moves from Pisces into Aries. It remains well placed for observation as it sets later as the month progresses around 21:50 at the start of the month to 22 hours by the end. The moon passes by twice this month; on the 1st and the 30th Mars will lie just to the North of the moon making a helpful finder.
Jupiter rises shortly after 8pm and so is visible all night long. It remains in the Virgo above Spica the constellation’s brightest star. The moon lies just to the north of the giant planet on the 14th and will make a lovely sight. Don’t forget to use binoculars to follow the paths of its four biggest moons as they orbit the planet.
Saturn remains an object for night owls this month rising around 03:30 at the start of March and by 02:40 at the end. It is to be found in Sagittarius which itself is a lovely rich constellation full of deep sky jewels. Being in Sagittarius also means that sadly Saturn will not be very high in the sky. The moon passes just to the north of the ringed planet on the 20th.
On This Day…
105 Years Ago –March 23rd. 1912: Dr. Wernher von Braun, the father of modern rocketry, was born in Wirsitz, Germany (now Part of Poland).
80 Years Ago — March 6th. 1937: Valentina Nikolayevna Tereshkova was born in Maslennikovo, in the Yaroslavl Region of the USSR. She was the first woman in space when she was launched aboard Vostok 6, on the 16th. June 1963.
70 Years Ago — March 7th. 1947: The first photograph was taken from space by a V2 rocket 100 miles above White Sands, New Mexico.
40 Years Ago – March 10th.1977: The rings of Uranus were discovered using the Kuiper Airborne Observatory. They planet was to be used to observe the occultation of the star SAO 158687 by Uranus to study the planet’s atmosphere, when instead the star seemed to flicker, indicating the rings. An unexpected and lucky discovery!
15 Years Ago – March 25th. 2002: Shenzhou 3 (Divine Vessel 3), a Chinese unmanned spaceship, was launched by a Long-March 2F rocket from the Jiquan Space Launch Centre in the north-western Gobi desert. It consisted of three modules: a propulsion section, a conical re-entry capsule, and an orbiter. The capsule was equipped with all that would be needed for a manned flight.